This Day in History

June 22


217BC  Battle of Raphia—forces of Ptolemy IV Philopator defeat Antiochus III the Great of the Seleucid kingdom   2234
168BC  Battle of Pydna—Roman forces decisively defeat and capture the Macedonian king Perseus ending the Third Macedonian War   2185
431      Roman poet, writer, senator, and bishop Paulinus of Nola dies, age about 77   1587
1429      Persian astronomer and mathematician Jamshid al-Kashi dies, age about 49   589
1527      Fatahillah defeat and drive out Portuguese in Sunda Kelapa—renames port Jayakarta, now Jakarta   491
1593      Habsburg forces led by the Styrian general Ruprecht von Eggenberg decisively defeat Ottoman army at Sisak in central Croatia   425
1633      Galileo Galilei forced to recant any views in variance with Ptolemaic system   385
1675      Charles II establishes the Royal Greenwich Observatory   343
1801      French occupied Cairo falls to a British and Ottoman force   217
1807      British warship HMS Leopard attacks and boards U.S. frigate USS Chesapeake—four deserters removed   211
1814      earliest known match played at Lord's Cricket Ground—Maryleborn Cricket Club versus Hertfordshire   204
1864      German mathematician Hermann Minkowski born   154
1874      English chess master Howard Staunton dies in London, age 64   144
1874      Andrew Still becomes first to practice osteopathy   144
1892      French mathematician Pierre Ossian Bonnet dies in Paris, age 72   126
1911      George V is crowned King of the United Kingdom in Westminster Abbey   107
1925      German mathematician Felix Klein dies in Göttengen, Germany, age 76   93
1936      German philosopher, physicist and the founding father of logical positivism Friedrich Albert Moritz Schlick is assassinated in Vienna, age 54   82
1940      France signs armistice with Germany in the Compiègne Forest to take effect on 25 June   78
1940      first Dairy Queen restaurant opens in Joliet, Illinois   78
1941      German forces invade the Soviet Union in Operation Barbarossa   77
1944      president Franklin D. Roosevelt signs into law the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944—G.I. Bill   74
1956      British poet, short story writer, and novelist Walter John de la Mare dies in Middlesex, England, age 83   62
1965      American film producer, screenwriter and film studio executive David O. Selznick dies in Hollywood, California, age 63   53
1969      latest occurence of the Cuyahoga River in northern Ohio catching fire leads to environmental reform—start of "environmentalism"   49
1978      James Christy discovers Pluto's moon, Charon   40
1984      first flight of Virgin Atlantic Airways—London Heathrow Airport to Newark, New Jersey   34
1987      American film star and dancer Fred Astaire (born Frederick Austerlitz) dies in Los Angeles, age 88   31
1990      Soviet physicist and Nobel laureate Ilya Mikhailovich Frank dies in Moscow, age 81   28
1990      checkpoint booth known as Checkpoint Charlie in Berlin is removed   28
   Zachary's birthday 
2002      American advice columnist Esther Pauline "Eppie" Lederer (Ann Landers) dies, age 83   16
2002      6.3 earthquake strikes near the city of Bou'in-Zahra in northwestern Iran—261 killed, 1500 others injured, and 50,000 homeless   16
2004      American computer scientist Robert William Bemer dies, age 84   14
2007      Sunita Williams sets women's space endurance record of 195 days   11
2008      Russian neuroscientist and psychologist Natalia Petrovna Bekhtereva dies, age 83   10
2009      Washington D.C Metro train collides with another train waiting to enter the Fort Totten station—9 killed and at least 80 others are injured   9
2009      Eastman Kodak announces the end of production of Kodachrome photographic film after 74 years   9
2012      British artist Mary Fedden dies, age 96   6
2013      Danish architect Henning Larsen dies in Copenhagen, age 87   5
2015      Oscar winning film composer James Horner is killed in a plane crash, age 61   3

Dates are always somewhat ambiguous, the exact date depends on whether local time is used (and local time where) or Universal Time—for events on the surface of the Earth, local time is probably best but for an event that spans across the planet, it is not clear which local time to use!. For events in space it is more ambiguous. Further for dates after the original adoption of the Gregorian calendar but before it became accepted in different countries, the date given may be a Julian date or a Gregorian date depending upon where the event occurred. And, even the year may be different since the first of the year has not always been January 1 in all countries! The attempt is to use a date that is the one that is typically given.

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