This Day in History

June 18


618      Li Yuan becomes emperor beginning the Tang Dynasty rule over China   1401
1178      Canterbury monks report explosion on moon—asteroid impact   841
1264      Parliament of the Kingdom of Ireland first definative meeting—succeeded by the Parliament of the United Kingdom in 1800   755
1429      Battle of Patay—French forces led by Joan of Arc decisively defeat English   590
1633      Charles I of England and Ireland is crowned King of Scotland   386
1650      German Jesuit priest, physicist, and astronomer Christoph Scheiner dies, age around 76   369
1673      Jeanne Mance, first nurse in New France and one of the founders of Montréal dies, age 66   346
1680      English poet Samuel Butler dies, age 68   339
1684      charter of the Massachusetts Bay Colony is revoked via a scire facias writ issued by an English court   335
1757      Battle of Kolin ends with an Austrian victory over the Prussian army   262
1767      English sea captain Samuel Wallis sights Tahiti—first European   252
1778      British forces under Henry Clinton evacuate Philadelphia   241
1799      naval engagement fought off Toulon—French frigate squadron surrenders to a detachment of the Royal Navy   220
1812      U.S. declares war on the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland   207
1815      French forces commanded by Napoleon are defeated at the Battle of Waterloo   204
1873      Susan B. Anthony is fined $100 for voting in the 1872 election—fine was never paid   146
1892      Macademia nuts first planted in Hawaii   127
1902      English author Samuel Butler dies in London, age 66   117
1922      Dutch astronomer Jacobus Cornelius Kapteyn dies in Amsterdam, age 71   97
1923      Checker Motors begins taxicab service under the name Checker Taxi   96
1928      Norwegian explorer Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen disappears in the Barents Sea while flying on a rescue mission, age 55   91
1928      Amelia Earhart becomes first woman to fly across the Atlantic (as a passenger)   91
1940      Winston Churchill in speech to the House of Commons declares, "... This was their finest hour."   79
1948      Columbia Records introduces the long-playing record album in a public demonstration at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York City   71
1953      Sonic Drive-In is founded in Shawnee, Oklahoma, as Top Hat Drive-In by Troy Smith   66
1965      first mission flown by B-52 strategic bombers in the Vietnam conflict   54
1981      U.S. government announces the creation of the first genetically engineered vaccine—for hoof and mouth disease in livestock   38
1981      first flight of the Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk—first operational aircraft to be designed around stealth technology   38
1983      Sally Ride becomes first American woman in space, and third overall, on second flight of Challenger   36
1998      American tenor, actor, and vocal teacher William Felix Knight dies in New York City, age 89   21
1999      Digital Cinema projector technology was publicly demonstrated for the first time on two screens in North America   20
2000      American film and television actress Nancy Marchand dies in Stratford, Connecticut, age 71   19
2005      Argentine mathematician and the father of computer science studies in Argentina Manuel Sadosky dies, age 91   14
2006      first satellite developed by Kazakhstan, KazSat 1, a geosynchronous orbit communications satellite, is launched by a Proton-K rocket   13
2007      fire breaks out in the Charleston Sofa Super Store—9 firefighters killed and 18 others injured   12
2008      American illustrator and writer of children's books Tasha Tudor dies in Marlboro, Vermont, age 92   11
2009      NASA launches Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) to a orbital mission along with LCROSS for an impact mission   10
2010      Portuguese writer and Nobel laureate (1998) José de Sousa Saramago dies in Spain, age 87   9
2012      China achieves first manned space docking when Shenzhou 9 docks with Tiangong 1   7
2012      IBM built Sequoia supercomputer at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory becomes world's fastest at 16.32 petaflops   7
2013      10,000th near-Earth object (NEO) is discovered—asteroid 2013 MZ5 by PANSTARRS-1 telescope   6
2014      American chemist at Dupont and inventor of Kevlar Stephanie Louise Kwolek dies, age 90   5
2014      American jazz pianist and composer Horace Silver (born Horace Ward Martin Tavares Silva) dies, age 85   5
2014      with a 27 m drive Curiosity reaches 7735 m passing the total of 7731 m traveled by Spirit on the surface of Mars   5
2015      American historian, educator, and federal official Allen Weinstein dies in Gaithersburg, Maryland, age 77   4
2015      Nasdaq stock index reaches a record 5143.32 midday high and closes at 5132.95–both above the high in 2000 at the end of dot-com peak   4
2018      6.1 earthquake strikes near Osaka, Japan—5 killed, 417 injured, and 6,766 structures damaged or destroyed   1

Dates are always somewhat ambiguous, the exact date depends on whether local time is used (and local time where) or Universal Time—for events on the surface of the Earth, local time is probably best but for an event that spans across the planet, it is not clear which local time to use!. For events in space it is more ambiguous. Further for dates after the original adoption of the Gregorian calendar but before it became accepted in different countries, the date given may be a Julian date or a Gregorian date depending upon where the event occurred. And, even the year may be different since the first of the year has not always been January 1 in all countries! The attempt is to use a date that is the one that is typically given.

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