This Day in History

April 24

114


1479BC  Thutmose III ascends the throne of Egypt (with Hapshepsut as co-regent) as the sixth Pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty   3497
1184BC  traditional date of the Trojan horse—Greeks enter Troy   3202
1558      Mary, Queen of Scots (age 15), marries the Dauphin of France, François (age 14), at Notre Dame de Paris   461
1656      Danish mathematician and physicist Thomas Fincke dies in Copenhagen, age 95   363
1704      first issue of The Boston News-Letter—first continuously published newspaper in British North America   315
1731      English writer Daniel Defoe dies, age around 71   288
1779      American Congregational minister, orator, educator, and founder of Dartmouth College Eleazar Wheelock dies, age 68   240
1800      Library of Congress is established   219
1877      Czarist Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire to start the Russo-Turkish War   142
1889      General Electric is incorporated in New York   130
1907      Hersheypark in Hershey, Pennsylvania, opens for use by Hershey employees, later opened to the public   112
1913      Woolworth Building in New York City opens—at 792 ft (241 m) is tallest building in the world until 1930   106
1914      James Franck and Gustav Hertz present their seminal paper to the German Physical Society demonstrating the quantum nature of atoms   105
1915      Ottoman Empire begins a systematic extermination of 1.5 million Armenians with the arrest of 250 intellectuals and leaders in Istanbul   104
1918      first battle between tank forces at Villers-Bretonneux in France   101
1923      Das Ich und das Es (The Ego and the Id) by Sigmund Freud is published, presenting his theories of the id, ego, and super-ego   96
1926      Reza Shah Pahlavi is crowned Shah of Iran—Pahlai Dynasty lasts until 1979   93
1933      Hungarian-born paleontologist Franz Nopcsa dies, age 55   86
1942      Prince Edward Island author Lucy Maud Montgomery dies in Toronto, age 67   77
1947      American author Willa Siebert Cather dies in New York City, age 73   72
1957      The Sky at Night debuts with Patrick Moore on BBC television   62
1960      German physicist and Nobel laureate (1914) Max Theodor Felix von Laue dies in West Berlin, age 80   59
1961      Swedish warship Vasa breaks the surface of the water 333 years after she sank a few minutes into her maiden voyage   58
1962      first television signal relayed by a satellite—California to Massachusetts passively reflected off Echo 1   57
1964      German pathologist and bacteriologist and Nobel laureate (1939) Gerhard Johannes Paul Domagk dies, age 68   55
1967      cosmonaut Vladimir Mikhaylovich Komarov, Soyuz 1, is first human confirmed to die during a space mission, age 40   52
1970      China launches its first satellite, Dong Fang Hong I—first orbital flight of Long March 1 launch vehicle   49
1974      American actor of burlesque, radio, stage, television and film, producer, and comedian William Alexander "Bud" Abbott dies, age 76   45
1990      Soyuz 10 is first spacecraft to attempt a docking with Salyut 1—returns safely to Earth   29
1990      Hubble Space Telescope launched aboard Discovery, first NASA Great Observatories   29
1993      Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) detonates a powerful truck bomb on Bishopsgate in London—1 killed and 44 others injured   26
1996      Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA) founded   23
1997      American firearms designer of the AR-15 assault rifle (U.S. military M16) Eugene Morrison Stoner dies in Palm City, Florida, age 74   22
1997      American comedian, satirist, and "presidential candidate" Patrick Layton 'Pat' Paulsen dies in Tijuana, Mexico, age 69   22
2002      Luxembourgian sculptor Lucien Wercollier dies in Luxembourg City, age 93   17
2004      American businesswoman Estée Lauder dies in New York City, age 95   15
2004      French-Swiss director and producer Joseph Damiani (José Giovanni) dies in Lausanne, age 80   15
2005      pioneering Chinese researcher and professor of sociology and anthropology Fei Xiaotong dies in Beijing, age 94   14
2005      Snuppy, the world's first cloned dog is born in South Korea   14
2012      Estonian mycologist Erast Parmasto dies, age 83   7
2013      eight-story factory building near Dhaka collapses—1134 die and 2500 injured in Bangladesh's worst industrial disaster   6
2013      ethnic clashes in Xinjiang, China leave at least 21 people dead   6
2014      Austrian architect and designer and key figure of postmodern architecture Hans Hollein dies in Vienna, age 80   5
2014      Polish poet, playwright, writer, and translator Tadeusz Różewicz dies in Wroclaw, Poland, age 92   5
2017      American writer and philosopher Robert Maynard Pirsig dies in South Berwick, Maine, age 88   2
2017      Peggy Whitson surpasses the U.S. record of 534 days in space set by Jeff Williams   2


Dates are always somewhat ambiguous, the exact date depends on whether local time is used (and local time where) or Universal Time—for events on the surface of the Earth, local time is probably best but for an event that spans across the planet, it is not clear which local time to use!. For events in space it is more ambiguous. Further for dates after the original adoption of the Gregorian calendar but before it became accepted in different countries, the date given may be a Julian date or a Gregorian date depending upon where the event occurred. And, even the year may be different since the first of the year has not always been January 1 in all countries! The attempt is to use a date that is the one that is typically given.

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