This Day in History

March 22


871      Æthelred of Wessex is defeated by the Vikings in the Battle of Marton   1148
1394      birth of Persian astronomer, mathematician and sultan Ulugh Beg in Sultaniyeh, Timurid Empire   625
1442      Battle of Hermannstadt near Szeban, KIngdom of Hungary ends with a Hungarian victory over the Ottoman Empire   577
1508      Ferdinand II of Aragon commissions Amerigo Vespucci chief navigator of the Spanish Empire   511
1599      Flemish painter Anthony van Dyck born in Antwerp   420
1615      British scientist Katherine Jones, Viscountess Ranelagh born in Youghal, Ireland   404
1621      Plymouth Colony signs a peace treaty with Massasoit of the Wampanoags   398
1622      Jamestown Massacre—Indians attack settlers and kill 347, a fourth of the population   397
1638      Anne Hutchinson expelled from Massachusetts Bay Colony for religious dissent   381
1713      Fort Neoheroka of the Tuscarora in North Carolina is taken by colonial forces after a three-week seige—950 killed or enslaved   306
1739      Persian Nadir Shah occupies Delhi in India and sacks the city   280
1761      French physician Pierre Fauchard, father of modern dentistry, dies in Paris, age about 83   258
1765      British Parliment passes the Stamp Act—a tax directed toward the American colonies   254
1784      the Emerald Buddha is moved with great ceremony to its current location in Wat Phra Kaew, Thailand   235
1806      Lewis and Clark's Corp of Discovery begins the return journey back to the U.S.   213
1832      German writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe dies, age 82   187
1868      American physicist and Nobel laureate Robert Andrews Millikan born in Morrison, Illinois   151
1871      William Woods Holden, governor of North Carolina, becomes the first governor of a U.S. state to be removed from office by impeachment   148
1894      Stanley Cup first awarded   125
1941      Grand Coulee Dam begins to generate electricity   78
1945      League of Arab States is formed in Cairo with six country members   74
1960      Arthur Leonard Schawlow and Charles Hard Townes are awarded the first patent for a laser   59
1963      Beatles first album Please Please Me is released in the U.K.   56
1993      Intel ships the first Pentium chips   26
1994      American cartoonist, animator, film producer, and director Walter Benjamin Lantz dies in Burbank, California, age 94   25
1995      Valeri Polyakov returns to earth after a single-mission record of 438 days in space   24
1995      Yelena Vladimirovna Kondakova lands after a five-month stay at the Mir with the women's record in space of 178 days   24
1996      American astronaut Shannon Lucid launches to Mir—only woman long-duration crew member of Mir   23
1997      Tara Lipinski, age 14 years and 10 months, becomes the youngest women's World Figure Skating Champion   22
2001      American animator, director, producer, voice actor, and cartoon artist William Denby "Bill" Hanna dies in Los Angeles, age 90   18
2004      Turkish-American astronomer and a director of the American Association of Variable Star Observers Janet Akyüz Mattei dies, age 61   15
   Paxton's birthday 
2010      last communication received from Spirit—sol 2210   9
2010      Scottish physician and pharmacologist and Nobel laureate (Medicine, 1988) James Whyte Black dies in London, age 85   9
2012      American computer scientist David Leigh Waltz dies in Princeton, New Jersey, age 68   7
2013      fire at the Ban Mae Surin refugee camp in Thailand, kills 37 Karen refugees, injures 200 others, and destroys hundreds of huts   6
2014      Dodgers beat Diamondbacks 3-1 in Sydney, Australia—first MLB opening day game in Australia   5
2014      massive mudslide engulfs dozens of homes near Oso, Washington—over 30 perish   5
2014      boat traveling on Africa's Lake Albert carrying people from the Kyangwali refugee settlement capsizes—251 people die   5
2016      second of the twin pair of comets 252P/LINEAR and P/2016 BA14 in similar orbits makes its closest approach to Earth—2.2 million miles   3
2016      three suicide terrorist bombs in the Brussels' airport and subway kill 35 and injure over 330 others   3
2017      Edicule that by tradition houses Jesus' tomb in the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem reopens after a year-long restoration   2
2017      attacker drives a car into pedestrians along the side of Westminster Bridge in London—6 die and 49 others injured   2
2018      Dutch school director who was instrumental in saving over 600 Jewish children during WWII Johan van Hulst dies, age 107   1
2018      Humanity Star launched by Rocket Lab's first orbital launch burns up in Earth's atmosphere after two months   1

Dates are always somewhat ambiguous, the exact date depends on whether local time is used (and local time where) or Universal Time—for events on the surface of the Earth, local time is probably best but for an event that spans across the planet, it is not clear which local time to use!. For events in space it is more ambiguous. Further for dates after the original adoption of the Gregorian calendar but before it became accepted in different countries, the date given may be a Julian date or a Gregorian date depending upon where the event occurred. And, even the year may be different since the first of the year has not always been January 1 in all countries! The attempt is to use a date that is the one that is typically given.

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