This Day in History

November 16


42BC  Tiberius Julius Caesar Augustus born in Rome   2059
534      final revision of the Codex Justinianus is published   1484
1005      Ælfric of Abingdon, Bishop of Ramsbury and Archbishop of Canterbury, dies in Canterbury, age unknown   1013
1093      English princess and Scottish queen Margaret of Scotland dies in Edinburgh Castle, age around 48   925
1272      Henry III of England dies after a reign of 56 years, age 65   746
1414      Council of Constance convenes   604
1532      Francisco Pizarro captures Atahualpa thereby conquering the Inca civilization   486
1628      Italian composer Paolo Quagliati dies, age around 73   390
1717      birth of French mathematician Jean-Baptiste le Rond d'Alembert in Paris   301
1776      Hessen troops and British soldiers capture the patriot held Fort Washington on the northern end of Manhattan Island   242
1776      American brig Andrew Doria receives salute from Fort Oranje (island of St. Eustatius)—first salute to an American warship in a foreign port   242
1801      New York Post, established as the New-York Evening Post   217
1871      National Rifle Association of America is chartered in New York   147
1885      Canadian leader of the rights of the native Métis Louis David Riel executed for treason, age 41   133
1904      British physicist John Ambrose Fleming patents the vacuum tube diode   114
1907      Oklahoma becomes the 46th state to enter the U.S.   111
1914      The Federal Reserve Bank of the United States officially opens   104
1915      distinctive Coca-Cola bottle patent is granted   103
1934      Alice Pleasance Liddell (Hargreaves) dies in Kent, England, age 82   84
1934      German engineer Carl Paul Gottfried von Linde dies in Munich, age 92   84
1945      United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) established   73
1957      Oklahoma Sooners football team win its 47th consective game—Division I-A record   61
1960      American actor William Clark Gable dies in West Hollywood, age 59   58
1965      Venera 3 is launched by the Soviet Union on a mission to crash-land on the surface of Venus   53
1970      first flight of the Lockheed L-1011 wide-body airplane   48
1973      the bill authorizing the Trans-Alaska Pipeline signed   45
1973      third, and final crew, launches for 84 day stay aboard Skylab   45
1974      German technical physicist Fritz Walther Meissner dies in Munich, age 91   44
1982      Soviet Russian mathematician Pavel Sergeyevich Alexandrov dies in Moscow, age 86   36
1992      Hoxne Hoard discovered in Suffolk—largest collection of Roman gold, silver, and bronze coins of the 4th and 5th century ever found   26
1999      American microbiologist and Nobel laureate (1978) Daniel Nathans dies in Baltimore, age 71   19
2001      American jazz pianist and composer Thomas Lee Flanagan dies in New York City, age 71   17
2004      NASA's X-45A sets speed record for 'air-breathing' engine of Mach 10   14
2004      Europe's solar-powered SMART-1 probe enters lunar orbit   14
2005      English animal rights advocate who coined the word 'vegan' and founded the U.K. Vegan Society Donald Watson dies, age 95   13
2005      Canadian-born American chemist and Nobel laureate (1983) Henry Taube dies in Palo Alto, California, age 89   13
2006      American economist and Nobel laureate (1976) Milton Friedman dies in San Francisco, age 94   12
2007      Norwegian comedian, actor, impressionist, screenwriter, author, director, and television host Trond Georg Kirkvaag dies in Oslo, age 61   11
2012      last batch of Twinkies rolls off the production lines of Hostess after a run of 82 years   6
2013      American mathematician Oscar Lanford dies, age 73   5
2015      American artist, designer, and film producer Michael C. Gross dies in Oceanside, California, age 70   3
2015      American actor and five-time Emmy winner David Hoyt Canary dies in Wilton, Connecticut, age 77   3
2017      fireball explodes over northern Finland   1
2018      International Committee for Weights and Measures votes to redefine the kilogram and retire the standard Le Grand K   0

Dates are always somewhat ambiguous, the exact date depends on whether local time is used (and local time where) or Universal Time—for events on the surface of the Earth, local time is probably best but for an event that spans across the planet, it is not clear which local time to use!. For events in space it is more ambiguous. Further for dates after the original adoption of the Gregorian calendar but before it became accepted in different countries, the date given may be a Julian date or a Gregorian date depending upon where the event occurred. And, even the year may be different since the first of the year has not always been January 1 in all countries! The attempt is to use a date that is the one that is typically given.

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